What is the environmental or ecological challenge you are targeting with your solution?:
About 2426 hectares of rain fed lands, 53325 hectares of range lands and 8680 hectares of barren lands are available for rehabilatation in target districts of Kabul province
The total population of urban area in Kabul province is five times more than rural area, therefore market is available for rural products.
The total crop production of Kabul province in 2008 was estimated at 392524 metric tons consisting of fruit (72%), the main fruit and nuts are grape, apple, almond and peaches, cultivated in irrigated area. Grains consisting (17%), Wheat is the main staple grain produced under irrigation and rain fed condition, the productivity of wheat in rain fed area is three times less than irrigate area, and the productivity of almond in irrigate area is about 1800 kg per hectares, therefore we can estimate 600 kg/ha almond production in rain fed area. Biodiversity of the dry land area is seriously affected by soil erosion, drought and de-vegetation. Normally communities cut bush & tree
Describe the context in which you are operating:
Afghanistan is a semi-arid landlocked country, only7.5 million hectares (11.7%) of total land is under cultivation, about 5.6% is under irrigation only 2.6 million hectares are cultivated annually, & 5.8% is rain fed, only 1.5 million hectares are cultivated annually, irrigated orchard and vineyard growing areas are still very limited, due to less investment on irrigation infrastructure and large area of irrigated lands allocated for staple food production, only 117,642 hectares are under orchard and 82,450 hectares are under vineyards, which cover 0.3% of total geographical land of the country(land atlas of Afghanistan-MAIL/FAO 2015). Therefore a great potential for utilization of rain fed land by plantation of grafted wild almond rootstocks with supplement irrigation and adapting of eco-friendly good agriculture practices is the only solution for dry land rehabilitation and livelihoods improvement in marginal area of Afghanistan.
Most of the dry lands including mountains in Afghanistan have rough, broken and stony lands with shallow soil and long with gullied lands, they comprise 26.7% of the country and are classified as barren, marginal or waste lands, and rang land comprise 46.3% of the country with very limited vegetation for feeding of animals. Afghanistan is still dominated by its rural communities & livelihoods, about 36-40% of Afghans live below the national poverty line unable to meet their basic needs & dietary requirement, but agriculture still plays key role