Local population between 6000-7000, primary resource users up to 46% in some villages
Guludo Bay 13km, Rolas 3km, Distance between 4 villages 20km
Local resources the community depends on, and for what purpose:
Artisanal fisheries and subsistence farming
Local threats to resources:
Coral reefs, artisanal fisheries, tourism - livelihood, food security
Coral bleaching and reduced genetic diversity of coral due to climate change, fisheries decline, loss of livelihood, loss of habitat
Level of exposure to these hazards:
coral bleaching - high level of uncertainty (Sources) Edwards, A.J. (ed.) (2010). Reef Rehabilitation Manual. Coral Reef Targeted Research & Capacity Building for Management Program: St Lucia, Australia. ii + 166 pp. IUCN (2004) Managing Marine Protected Areas: A Toolkit for the Western Indian Ocean. IUCN Eastern African Regional Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, xii + 172 pp. Marshall, P. and Schuttenberg, H. (2006) A Reef Manager?s Guide to Coral Bleaching. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, Australia. x + 163 pp. Nema Foundation (2008). Household surveys of three villages, Gululdo Mozamique
Level of sensitivity:
High level of exposure - (Coral reef at Rolas island marine sanctuary, Quirimbas National Park, Mozambique) Vibrant coral reefs fringe the shores of the Rolas island marine sanctuary. Nearly within arms reach at low tide, these reefs and the communities they support are at a high risk to the effects of climate change. Loss of habitat, loss of genetic diversity, fisheries decline and loss of livelihood are at stake.
Level of adaptive capacity:
High level of sensitivity - The coral reefs at Rolas island protect life in Guludo bay. Rolas is a small island (3kmï¿½) belonging to the "kimwani" fishermen of Guludo bay. In this region up to 46% of households in (Guludo, Ningia, Naunde and Lumuawama) identify fishing as their primary source of employment (Nema 2008). Fishermen spend on average 5 hours a day catching small reef fish for $10-12 dollars a day. Rolas island and the communities of Guludo are highly sensitive to the impacts of climate change. Fishermen making the 8km journey to Rolas benefits from a "spill-over" fisheries, drying fish and octopus. On their trips fishermen are able to make upwards of $150 y returning to sell their goods inland. Fishermen in the area rely on the ability to generate extra income through drying and selling fish at Rolas, and a mass bleaching event would put considerable stress on an already heavily fished area. Without this important island reef habitat we expect to see considerable decline and vulnerability in local fisheries resources and traditions.