An Overview Of Our Solution
- Population Impacted
- Continent: Asia
Wetlands International Indonesia Programme Jl. Ahmad Yani 53 Bogor 16161
Local resources the community depends on, and for what purpose
Local threats to resources
Level of sensitivity
Level of adaptive capacity
Although the community has been regularly exposed to various hazards, both sea and land based hazards, however, their adaptive capacity are considerably medium to low. This is mostly resulted from the limited recovery option available, including the limited available livelihood option
Economic Indicators used to measure benefit
Introduction of exotic species. We have put the highest alert to avoid the introduction of exotic species into our working ecosystem. There is, however, a potential that local community together with local government introducing exotic species, such as fish species, without our intention
Community/Social Indicators used to measure benefit
? Increased awareness on mangrove role on DRR and Climate Change Adaptation ? Increased social cohesion and capacity to self-organisation ? Increased community networking with community from other villages/districts ? Increased community access to knowledge on climate-related data and information ? Increased community access to the development of government policy ? Improved livelihood option and quality
? Number of community willing to participate on the programme ? Number of community group members actively participated on the agreed group plan and activities ? Number of established livelihood activities ? Status of income earned from established livelihood activities ? Level of community group participation on the development of village development planning/ consultation events
Ecological Indicators used to measure benefit
? Facilitation cost ? Livelihood development cost ? Training cost ? Policy and advocacy dialogue cost ? Awareness and consultation/socialization cost
What were/are the challenges your community faced in implementing this solution?
? Additional income generated through BioRights mechanism ? Additional income from better restored ecosystem, for example fisheries at mangrove areas ? Reduced recovery cost
Describe the community-based process used to develop the solution including tools and processes used
The village has high level of sensitivity, mainly to drought as there is only limited resources of clean water; and to coastal flooding and storm surges as it will have direct impact to community settlement and livelihood
Climate hazard of concern
How does your solution reduce the exposure of and buffer/protect the ecosystem affected?
The programme was designed to innovatively integrate three main approaches on: ? Disaster risk reduction (DRR): The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events; ? Climate change adaptation (CCA): The adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities; ? Ecosystem management and restoration (EMR): A strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that provides sustainable delivery of ecosystem services in an equitable Core to the programme is the assertion that the three methods for strengthening resilience DRR, CCA and EMR will, if implemented in an integrated manner, create significant synergetic effects. Disaster risk reduction strategies will be more robust if they include the risks related to climate change. Vibrant ecosystems are essential as buffers against extreme events. By thus positioning the ?triangle? of DRR-CCA-EBA, the Partners for Resilience have found an innovative and cost-effective solution for creating resilience for development. In term of the diversification or development alternative livelihoods, the project introduced the BioRights approached which enabled community group to explore and develop their own group?s and individual member?s innovative solution for alternative livelihood. The project will facilitate the provision of capital for the agreed livelihoods development, based on the agreement that they are willing to participate on the ecosystem restoration programme at the site where the community is living. In most cases, the restoration programme is in the form of tree planting at degraded coastal and water spring areas. In order to obtain successful results on both livelihood and ecosystem restoration works, the project also facilitate the arrangement of various related training on livelihoods and ecosystem restoration. As part of the livelihood ? CCA solution, this project also facilitated the development of staple vegetation which is highly adaptive to the arid condition of East Nusa Tenggara province. One of the selected vegetation is sorghum, which historically is the main staple of people in the project areas ? which is different with the main staple of other parts of Indonesia (rice, sago). We are working with a well known local champion who has been awarded with some national-level awards due to her outstanding efforts on the development of sorghum to be re-utilized as local community main staple. She is providing training and awareness on sorghum planting and post-harvest management. It is aimed that in the future the local community will use sorghum as their main staple, so that the production will not provide negative impact to the ecosystem, as the sorghum is well adapted to the current ecosystem condition without many external supports.
How has your solution increased the capacity of the ecosystem to adapt to potential climate changes?
The current BioRights approach which innovatively integrate livelihood and ecosystem restoration programme has been proven to be very effective in reducing problem related with both community livelihood and ecosystem ? mainly coastal and water spring areas ? at the project sites. By the early of 2013, a total of about 410,000 trees have been planted by local communities. This will enable to reduce the exposure of coastal ecosystem from sea-based hazards, but also reduce the drought problem resulted from the degradation of water spring areas.
How does your solution reduce the exposure of and buffer/protect the communities affected?
The tree planting at coastal areas will reduce the sensitivity of the coastal ecosystem from sea-based hazards and climate condition. The good condition of restored mangrove, for example, will develop a more preferable micro-climate which is more suitable for mangrove ecosystem ? mangrove and other living organism living in ? to grow better. This will then reduce the sensitivity of mangrove ecosystem to, for example, coastal flooding, but also protect the back-swamp areas from storm surges.
How does your solution reduce the sensitivity of the communities affected?
The development of hybrid engineering at the coastal areas, in parallel with mangrove tree planting, has been successfully provide additional accreted land on-shore, but also protected coastal line from further loss due to sea abrasion. The new accreted land is potentially planted by suitable mangrove species, to the extent that it will increase the protection against coastal flooding or sea level rise
How has your solution increased the capacity of local communities to adapt to potential climate changes?
The integrated planting program ? in parallel with other supported activities ? at coastal and water spring areas will provide buffer/protection to community settlement as well as livelihood. At coastal areas, the increment of mangrove vegetation will improve the provision of environmental services provided by mangrove ecosystem, including protection from sea-based hazards, better fishing ground resulted from good fish nursery, honey production as well as other non-timber forest products. At the water spring areas, the restoration will resulted into better provision of spring water and reduce the risk of land slide.
Can this solution be replicated elsewhere?
? Monitoring of community group member?s livelihood ? Regular communication with community group members