International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Country office in Vietnam
An Overview Of Our Solution
- Population Impacted:
- Continent: Asia
8th floor - 59 Quang Trung street Hai Ba Trung district
medium commune of Vietnam
Local resources the community depends on, and for what purpose
Local threats to resources
Level of sensitivity
Level of adaptive capacity
To plant mangroves to protect the sea dykes from storm surges and waves then protect the agriculture farm and livelihoods, houses, infrastructure from coastal flood caused by storm To improve the capacity of the selected vulnerable community in disaster risk reduction and climate change through training courses and public awareness so they know how to protect their lives, properties and livelihood when receiving early warning signals from local authority
Economic Indicators used to measure benefit
The commune has got now an area of 370 hectares of mangroves which length of over 4 kilometers and width of average 900 meters along its dyke exposed to the sea.
Community/Social Indicators used to measure benefit
The economic cost to plant one hectare of mangroves is about USD 950, the total cost is USD425,866
Direct economic impact to the community is USD 36,900 per year. Protective benefits only to the sea dyke is USD 295,000 per annual event.
Ecological Indicators used to measure benefit
The external project impact analysis used the cost- benefit approach.
What were/are the challenges your community faced in implementing this solution?
Because of very high threat from storm surge to this community, the project does not have any challenge up to date.
Describe the community-based process used to develop the solution including tools and processes used
1 Request for support from community for plantation of mangroves to protect 3 kilometers of sea dykes in the Dai Hop commune through Vietnam Red Cross. 2 IFRC and VNRC HQ mobilized mangrove experts to assess the proposal feasibility, mud-soil quality, interviews with local representatives and community members. 3 VNRC staffs met all representatives of community stakeholder to discuss on how and why the previous failure of mangroves plantation to improve the planting and protecting plan especial to establish a commune protection team and to guide fishermen not to destroy newly planted mangroves. 4 VNRC has met forestry services, local authority for land use right and protection of trees, mangrove experts for mangrove seedling and planting technical training to selected poor community members, teachers for mangrove benefits to children. 5 Poorer members involved in the annual plantation of mangroves and get labor costs. 6 VNRC staffs monitor the mangroves and guide the commune team for protection of mangroves. 7 The project started in 1998 to now,the commune has a mangrove forest of nearly 370 hectares and protect well three kilometers of national sea dyke during the event of typhoon Damrey in 2005, Son Tinh in 2012 etc.
Climate hazard of concern
How does your solution reduce the exposure of and buffer/protect the ecosystem affected?
Four year after the plantation and protection of mangroves, there were no more national sea dyke damage that means a saving of annual maintenance cost. The mangroves also contributed a lot to improving the ecosystem with more baby crabs, shrimps and fishes. Poor people have a commune forest to collect the sea products for their daily earning. The agriculture land of the commune does not be affected by the sea water during high tide times. Migrant birds also have a habitat for their stops for food and rest.
How does your solution reduce the exposure of and buffer/protect the communities affected?
The commune sea dyke has been well protected since 2000. There is no dyke erosion or damages caused annual by sea surge or storm surges
How does your solution reduce the sensitivity of the communities affected?
The community now feels safer during the event of a tropical storm because they know that the commune dyke will not be broken thanks to mangroves protection. they can invest for economic activities.
How has your solution increased the capacity of local communities to adapt to potential climate changes?
The project has provided to the community members including children, teachers knowledge about climate changes and its possible impacts. the project also discuss with them about several possible solution to reduce climate change or green house gas as reduction of pollution, garbage collection and how to apply a green living style. The commune members pay more attention of the early warning system since they know that the storm forecast is not easy because storm track and trends are not similar as their past experience.
Can this solution be replicated elsewhere?
This solution has been replicated in many communes in Vietnam. The mangroves plantation is continuing with support from local NGOs, INGO. the government of Vietnam also approved a project funded by World Bank including a component of mangroves plantation to 2015.